Chère Assia,
Je t’envoie le dernier récapitulatif sur le Dialogue Méditerranéen, un lien sur le DM sur le site de l’OTAN, un lien sur le document d’Istanbul sur le renforcement de la dimension politique et de coopération du DM et aussi un lien sur le nouveau Concept Stratégique de l’OTAN ou’ tu peux trouver l’évolution du débat sur ce Concept Stratégique lors du séminaire d’Oslo qui a eu lieu la semaine dernière en Norvège.
Dans l’attente de te revoir à Rabat.
Amitiés,
Nicola

FACT SHEET ON THE MEDITERRANEAN DIALOGUE (MD)

INTRODUCTION

  1. The Mediterranean Dialogue (MD) was launched in 1994 by the North Atlantic Council (NAC) with the aim of contributing to regional security and stability through improved mutual understanding. Seven non-NATO countries currently participate in the MD: Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia.

  1. At the Istanbul Summit in June 2004, Allied Heads of State and Government elevated the MD to a genuine partnership through the establishment of a more ambitious and expanded framework. Significant progress, both in the political and practical dimensions, illustrates a substantial and quality upgrade of MD partners’ approach towards NATO. The Riga (2006), Bucharest (2008) and Strasbourg/Kehl Summits (2009) welcomed and consolidated these developments.

POLITICAL DIMENSION

  1. Since Istanbul, the political dialogue has gained both in regularity and substance: the first ever MD Foreign Ministers’ meeting was held in December 2004 (in Brussels) and was followed by two MD Defence Ministers’ meetings in 2006 (in Taormina) and 2007 (in Seville). The first high-level meeting in an MD country (Rabat, Morocco) in April 2006 was an important milestone in the evolution of the political dialogue. Very successful MD Foreign Ministers’ meetings then took place in December 2007 and December 2008 (in Brussels).

  1. It is also worth mentioning that the constant increase in the number, occurrence and quality of the NATO-MD political dialogue has recently reached a sustainable level. Consultations of Allies+7 MD countries take place on a regular basis in MCG+7 or NAC+7 format. MD partners were also invited to participate in the first Mediterranean Dialogue-Atlantic Policy Advisory Group (MD-APAG) meeting that was scheduled to take place in Italy in April of 2009 but had to be postponed to a later date.

  1. Visits to MD countries as well as bilateral meetings between the Secretary General (SG), Deputy Secretary General (DSG), Assistant Secretaries General (ASGs) and MD officials are held frequently. More recently, the SG met MD high level representatives in the margins of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in September 2009. On 2 December 2008, the third MD Foreign Ministers’ meeting offered a renewed opportunity to discuss both the political and practical dimensions of the MD as well as issues of common interest related to security and stability in the region.

  1. In addition, the Chiefs of Defence (CHODs) meeting held in November 2008 tackled an ambitious agenda including a discussion on the Common Strategic vision on NATO-MD military cooperation. The next CHOD meeting will be held on 26 January 2010 on the issue of maritime security.

  1. MD partners have reiterated their support for enhanced political consultations to better tailor the MD to their specific interests and to maintain the distinctive cooperation framework of the MD.

  1. The work done on the new Strategic Concept constitutes an opportunity to move partnerships to the next generation. Being an open and inclusive process, it will involve our MD partners and take into account their vision of the future.

PRACTICAL DIMENSION

Mediterranean Dialogue Work Programme (MDWP)

  1. Since the Istanbul Summit in 2004, an annual Mediterranean Dialogue Work Programme (MDWP) focusing on agreed priority areas has been the main cooperation instrument available with more than 30 areas of cooperation open to MD countries. This momentum should be sustained in 2010.

  1. Whereas, in 2007, the offer of cooperation to MD countries included 778 approved events, the MDWP for 2008 consists of 794 events. The 2009 MDWP includes, at this stage, nearly 670 events. The current offer for 2010 MDWP consists of 658 approved activities and will be constantly updated through out-of-cycles.

  1. While the MDWP is essentially military (85% of the activities), it comprises activities in a wide range of areas of cooperation including Military Education, Training and Doctrine, Defence Policy and Strategy, Defence Investment, Civil Emergency Planning, Crisis Management, Armaments and Intelligence related activities.

Main tools open to MD countries

  1. A number of cooperation tools were successively opened to MD countries, such as:

  1. The e-Prime database which provides electronic access to the MDWP allowing close monitoring of cooperation activities.

  1. The full package of Operational Capabilities Concept (OCC) to improve partners’ capacity to contribute effectively to NATO-led Crisis Response Operations through achieving interoperability.

  1. The Trust Fund mechanism that currently includes two ongoing substantial projects with Jordan as well as a completed feasibility study for a project with Mauritania.

  1. Liaison officer positions within the Military Cooperation Division (MCD) at SHAPE to enhance practical liaison arrangements facilitating participation in military activities including exercises.

  1. The Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Center (EADRCC) open in case of natural or technological disasters, including major CBRN incidents. MD countries are invited to exchange information and lessons-learned from disasters that occurred in their countries and also to participate in the planning and conduct of exercises organised by the EADRCC.

  1. The Partnership Action Plan Against Terrorism (PAP-T) aims at strengthening NATO’s ability to work effectively with MD partners in the fight against terrorism.

  1. The Civil Emergency Planning (CEP) action plan aims at improving the civil preparedness against CBRN attacks on populations and critical infrastructures.

Individual Cooperation Programmes (ICPs)

  1. The Individual Cooperation Programmes (ICPs) aim at enhancing the political dialogue as well as tailoring the cooperation with NATO according to key strategic national needs. Most MD partners have expressed a strong interest in making use of these tools.

  1. Israel finalised its first ICP with NATO in October 2006. In December 2008, a revised ICP with Israel was discussed and endorsed by Allies. Egypt developed an ICP in October 2007. The Jordanian ICP was endorsed by Allies in April 2009. The ICP of Morocco is in its finalisation phase. Draft ICPs from Mauritania and Tunisia were received by the IS.

Public diplomacy activities

  1. NATO’s Public Diplomacy activities for MD countries have been progressively reinforced since the Istanbul Summit, with an ad hoc NAC approved Public Diplomacy Strategy for the MD. All activities were organised in concert with MD countries, in a spirit of joint ownership.

    1. A tailored visits programme has brought to NATO 48 groups of parliamentarians, policy makers and high level opinion leaders from MD countries since 2004.

    1. 20 international conferences and seminars have been organised by the Public Diplomacy Division (PDD) with MD countries since 2004.

    1. 18 press tours of journalists from all MD countries have been organised since 2004, including during NATO Summit and Ministerial meetings.

    1. In terms of media relations, 215 interviews of either the Secretary General or the Deputy Secretary General of NATO have been organised by PDD since 2004 with all the main media organisations of MD countries.

    1. A web module dedicated to the MD on NATO’s internet site is regularly updated and is now available in Arabic and Hebrew, in additional to English and French.

SOFA AGREEMENT

  1. Since 2004, the development of a legal framework between NATO and MD partners has been contemplated. While MD countries constantly emphasise the need to develop a SOFA-type agreement, discussions among Allies have not yet led to concrete results.

CONTRIBUTION TO NATO-LED OPERATIONS

  1. Some Mediterranean Dialogue countries have contributed to NATO-led operations1 in Bosnia-Herzegovina, in Kosovo, in Afghanistan and in Operation Active Endeavour.

NATO Training Cooperation Initiative

18. Launched at the Riga Summit in 2007, NTCI aims at complementing existing cooperation activities developed in the MD framework through:

a. The establishment of a dedicated module at the NATO Defence College (NDC) in Rome. This module, entitled “NATO Regional Cooperation Course” is now fully operational and consists in a ten-week strategic level course tackling current security challenges in particular those relating to the Middle East. A first session was completed in spring 2009 and the autumn session is nearing completion. In addition, an NRCC Academic Advisory Board, composed of MD representatives selected on rotational basis has been set up. Algeria and Egypt are currently represented.

b. The establishment of an MD network of national Training and Education Centres affiliated to NATO and aimed at initiating synergies among them. Several MD countries have already identified national institutions having the potential to be involved in the network.

  1. 1Morocco has been contributing to NATO-led operations in the Balkans. First, in IFOR/ SFOR and now in KFOR (troops confirmed for 2010). The TMOU relating to Morocco’s contribution to Operation Active Endeavour was signed in October 2009. Israel is also currently contributing to this operation with a Liaison Officer in Naples and its offer to enhance its contribution with a ship was approved by Allies in September 2009. The NMAs have started the certification of the offered Israeli assets; a revised TMOU and an additional Exchange of Letters are currently under preparation. Jordan has contributed to NATO-led operations including, until November 2001, to KFOR and is currently contributing to Afghanistan. It is also worth noting that Egypt is present in Afghanistan under OEF.

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